By Henri Goulet (auth.), Bernard Slippers, Peter de Groot, Michael John Wingfield (eds.)
The Sirex woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, is crucial invasive alien insect pest of Pinus plantations within the Southern Hemisphere. It now additionally threatens pines in North the US. This ebook brings jointly the global wisdom of researchers from Universities and executive associations, in addition to woodland practitioners that experience labored at the pest. Importantly, it's the first entire therapy of the topic seeing that S. noctilio used to be chanced on open air its local diversity round 1900. The ebook covers all features of the biology and administration of S. noctilio, together with points of the bugs’ taxonomy, basic existence background, host-plant relationships, inhabitants dynamics, chemical ecology and symbiosis with the fungus Amylostereum areolatum. The e-book additionally incorporates a accomplished synthesis of the heritage and present prestige of the pest and around the world efforts to regulate it, together with organic keep an eye on, silviculture and quarantine.
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Extra resources for The Sirex Woodwasp and its Fungal Symbiont:: Research and Management of a Worldwide Invasive Pest
19). Besides these, many other Pinus sp. have also been attacked by S. noctilio, including P. pinea, P. echinata, P. halepensis, P. palustris, P. brunia, P. nigra, , P. contorta, P. jefferyi, P. chiapensis and others (Spradbery and Kirk 1978; Tribe 1995; Iede et al. 1998; Maderni 1998; Haugen 2000). As yet, no Pinus sp. have shown resistance against attack, although there have been some reports of certain species being more susceptible or favoured than others. 24 K. P. Hurley Maderni (1998) reported that P.
And Ibalia leucospoides H. parasitism in forest plantations of Pinus sp. in Santo Tome, Corrientes. XI Jornadas Tecnicas Forestales y Ambientales – FCF, UNaM – EEA Monetecarlo, INTA Filho WR, Iede ET, Penteado SdRC (1998) Biological aspects of Sirex noctilio F. (Hymenoptera, Siricidae) and its parasitoid Ibalia leucospoides (Hymenoptera: Ibaliidae). , on the foliage of Pinus radiata D. don. Aust J Biol Sci 29:365–378 Francke-Grosman H (1939) On the symbiosis of woodwasps (Siricinae) with fungi.
Chailettii and A. laevigatum) also have symbiotic relationships with woodwasp species (reviewed in Slippers et al. 2003, Chap. 8). The wasps are specialized to ensure the continued relationship with their symbiont. Adult females carry the fungus within paired mycangia that are located at the anterior end of the ovipositor and open into the oviduct (Boros 1968). The mycangia are lined with glands and the secretions produced appear to stimulate fungal growth (reviewed in Morgan 1968). On oviposition, the female woodwasp inoculates arthrospores or fragments of its symbiotic fungus into the host sapwood through the ovipositor and into a separate drill beside the egg.
The Sirex Woodwasp and its Fungal Symbiont:: Research and Management of a Worldwide Invasive Pest by Henri Goulet (auth.), Bernard Slippers, Peter de Groot, Michael John Wingfield (eds.)