By Prof. Dr. Vladimir Veniaminovich Frolkis (auth.)
There is an Inca incantation which acknowledged acknowledged approximately: "Lord, supply me religious peace in order that i will acquiesce to what i will not swap, supply me braveness in order that i will be able to switch what i will switch, and provides me knowledge in order that i will distinguish one from the opposite. " evidently, this incantation may be frequently repeated by way of any gerontologist, because it is particularly tough to tell apart getting older from the techniques which complement the organism's viability, getting older from illnesses, and the mechanisms of getting older in numerous species of animals. in accordance with N. surprise, who compiled a invaluable bibliography of the works on getting older, greater than 43,000 works on gerontology were released within the final decade. Why will we proceed to disagree with each other and carry that an important mechanisms are nonetheless principally unknown to us even with that movement of data and a big variety of proof? what's it that we don't understand? might or not it's that we don't be aware of the only real sacramental truth that may clarify every little thing, comparable to the hormone of getting older, the programmed triggering of a suicide gene, the looks of a unique poisonous agent within the axoplasmic move of drugs, etc? Goethe as soon as wrote scientist quite often holds sure elements, yet regrettably he lacks their sacred link.
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Additional resources for Aging and Life-Prolonging Processes
For instance, if a flatworm (Stenostomum incaudatum) is repeatedly cut in two, the head part dies, but the tail part continues to divide infinitely. All this seems to suggest that the age changes in the brain are the main mechanism of the whole organism'S aging. However, there is another direction of the relationships between the brain's activity and the life span. The activity of the central nervous system, or the brain's function, determines the most important manifestations of the vitauct process, which is intended to increase the organism'S viability and life span.
The number of glia cells in various brain structures changes differently in old age. For instance, the number of these cells in the grey matter of the brain increases, but it decreases in its white matter (Sturrock, 1977). When the number of glia cells increases, the blood supply of the neurons may worsen, their position with respect to the capillaries may alter, and the interneuronal relationships may change substantially. However, neuronal trophism may be preserved at a definite stage of the growth of the number of glia cells.
The forms of regulation and adaptation were perfected as the biological organization became complicated in the course of evolution. At the same time, definite aging mechanisms changed and were transformed. The mechanisms of vitauct and aging qualitatively changed as they came under central, neurohumoral control. The general regulatory shifts were superimposed on the main, basal, purely cellular aging mechanisms, modifying them, since the organism ages as a complex system and not as a simple totality of cells.
Aging and Life-Prolonging Processes by Prof. Dr. Vladimir Veniaminovich Frolkis (auth.)