By Gaëlle Krikorian, Amy Kapczynski
On the finish of the 20 th century, highbrow estate rights collided with lifestyle. Expansive copyright legislation and electronic rights administration applied sciences sought to close down new sorts of copying and remixing made attainable via the net. foreign legislation increasing patent rights threatened the lives of thousands of individuals world wide residing with HIV/AIDS via restricting their entry to reasonable accepted drugs. for many years, governments have tightened the grip of highbrow estate legislation on the bidding of knowledge industries; yet lately, teams have emerged around the globe to problem this wave of enclosure with a brand new counter-politics of "access to knowledge" or "A2K." They comprise software program programmers who took to the streets to defeat software program patents in Europe, AIDS activists who pressured multinational pharmaceutical businesses to allow copies in their medications to be offered in bad international locations, subsistence farmers protecting their rights to meals safety or entry to agricultural biotechnology, and faculty scholars who created a brand new "free culture" flow to shield the electronic commons. Access to wisdom within the Age of highbrow Property maps this rising box of activism as a chain of historic moments, suggestions, and ideas. It gathers one of the most very important thinkers and advocates within the box to make the stakes and methods at play during this new area seen and the phrases of highbrow estate legislations intelligible of their political implications worldwide. an artistic Commons variation of this paintings may be freely to be had online.
Contributors: Ahmed Abdel Latif, Philippe Aigrain, Jeffrey Atteberry, Yochai Benkler, Yann Moulier Boutaing, Carlos Correa, Laura DeNardis, Sarah Deutsch, Peter Drahos, Hala Essalmawi, Rick Falkvinge, Sean Flynn, Vera Franz, Spring Gombe, Anil Gupta, Ellen 't Hoen, Charles Igwe, Eddan Katz, Kannikar Kijtiwatchakul, Gaëlle Krikorian, Lawrence Liang, Jiraporn Limpananont, James Love, Leena Menghaney, Viviana Munoz, Sisule F. Musungu, HeeSeob Nam, Chan Park, Eloan Pinheiro dos Santos, Achal Prabhala, Onno Purbo, Manon Ress, Caroline Rossini, Susan promote, Sangeeta Shashikant, Roberto Verzola, Jo Walsh
Read Online or Download Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual Property PDF
Best intellectual property books
On the finish of the 20 th century, highbrow estate rights collided with way of life. Expansive copyright legislation and electronic rights administration applied sciences sought to close down new kinds of copying and remixing made attainable by means of the net. overseas legislation increasing patent rights threatened the lives of thousands of individuals worldwide dwelling with HIV/AIDS by means of restricting their entry to reasonable everyday drugs.
During this enlightening e-book James Boyle describes what he calls the diversity wars of the knowledge age—today’s heated battles over highbrow estate. Boyle argues that simply as each proficient citizen must be aware of at the least anything in regards to the surroundings or civil rights, each citizen must also comprehend highbrow estate legislations.
The right way to defend your invention is to maintain sturdy files. permit The Inventor’s computer tune and recommended you to keep up each very important step within the technique. Use it to: *document the improvement of your invention *help you can also make refinements whereas development and trying out *assess the economic capability of your invention *calculate how a lot capital you are going to want *organize your look for money to construct, attempt, manufacture and distribute your invention *create a checklist of contacts who recognize of your invention and feature signed confidentiality agreements definitely the right significant other to Nolo's bestselling Patent It your self, this e-book comprises: *worksheets *forms *sample agreements *instructions *references to appropriate components of patent legislation *a bibliography of criminal and non-legal aids *and extra The Inventor's computing device additionally comprises updated agreements, a thesaurus of patent phrases and a piece on utilizing the web to enhance and advertise your invention.
A great textual content for consumers to learn earlier than assembly with lawyers so they will comprehend the basics of patent, copyright, alternate mystery, trademark, masks paintings, and unfair festival legislation. this isn't a "do-it-yourself" guide yet really a prepared reference device for inventors or creators that may generate greatest efficiencies in acquiring, holding and implementing their highbrow estate rights.
- Linux & Open Source
- Patent Ethics Litigation
- Justifying Intellectual Property
- Fair Use, Free Use, and Use by Permission: How to Handle Copyrights in All Media
Extra info for Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual Property
Even now, in the most absolutist period of intellectual property law we have known, our creative world remains largely beyond the reach of intellectual property rights. And intellectual property rights as we know them bear little resemblance to property rights over material resources, with far greater freedoms reserved for nonowners. If so-called “real property” rights worked like copyrights, for example, the home you built would be turned over to the public some fifty to seventy years after your death.
In fact, however, the discourse of access-to-medicines campaigners has become intimately bound up with the logic of intellectual property, because their attempt to contest the legitimacy narrative of intellectual property law has drawn them into the economic discourse that dominates the field. As activists sought to challenge the existing law of intellectual property, they found themselves up against the despotic dominion account of intellectual property. Calling upon this account, pharmaceutical companies insisted that they, too, are in the “access” business and that patents are the only way to ensure the development of new medicines.
Often, A2K thinkers speak of freedom (such as the freedom of the public domain) as a place free of permission. ’”88 But are A2K advocates really committed to a vision that posits freedom as a space where one never needs permission— as a space beyond control? If so, what of the very substantial controls that some groups, from free-software programmers to proponents of traditional knowledge, seek to impose upon certain forms of knowledge? Creative Commons, a high-profile organization that Lessig himself founded, offers individuals a set of copyright licenses that they can use to give others more freedoms than copyright law otherwise would.
Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual Property by Gaëlle Krikorian, Amy Kapczynski