By James B. Tubbs Jr.
Specified by alphabetical order, "A instruction manual Of Bioethics phrases" by way of James B. Tubbs Jr. (Professor of Ethics and faith, division of spiritual reviews, collage of Detroit Mercy) is a compendium of terminology definitions in a glossary-style layout with greater than four hundred entries on major phrases expressions, titles, and proceedings that experience formed bioethical criteria to what we have now this day. Entries are cross-referenced and punctiliously authoritative. A hugely instructed and 'user pleasant' easy reference for private, specialist, educational, and group library collections, "A guide of Bioethics phrases" is mainly prompt to the eye of scholars in overall healthiness care ethics, working towards physicians and nurses, concerned and conscientious participants of institutional ethics committees and evaluate forums, in addition to non-specialist common readers with an curiosity in bioethics proper concerns.
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Additional resources for A Handbook of Bioethics Terms
Physician, nurse, counselor, pastor). (See, for example, Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 6th ed. ) Benign: Generally, having a nondangerous character that does not threaten health or life. A benign tumor, for instance, is one that is not cancerous, not malignant—that is, does not invade surrounding tissues or spread to other parts of the body. Best interests: A legal (and moral) standard for surrogate consent to treatment or research participation on behalf of a now-incompetent individual who has never been competent or who has never expressed any views or preferences that could guide the surrogate to a reliable substituted judgment for that individual in this situation.
For humans and other animals, cloning involves generating an individual whose nuclear genes are derived from a diploid cell of another embryo, fetus, or already-born person of the same species. The best-known and most successful cloning technology to date is somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), in which the Cloning: 28 Coma nucleus from a somatic (nonreproductive) cell of an individual is transferred into an unfertilized ovum (egg cell) whose nucleus (containing the maternal chromosomes) has been removed; the ovum is then stimulated to begin dividing, leading to the development of a new organism with the same chromosomal complement (genome) as the individual from whom the somatic cell nucleus was taken.
In Baby M’s situation, the courts held that the baby’s “best interests” must be considered primary and awarded custody to Mr. Stern and visitation rights to Ms. Whitehead. Beneficence: Action intended to benefit or promote the well-being of others. ) Historically, the ethics of Western Hippocratic medicine has been dominated by the twin professional obligations of beneficence and nonmaleficence (“do no harm”). While most persons accept some sense of obligation to exercise at least minimal beneficence toward others, many also hold themselves to obligations of ideal beneficence—that is, obligations to benefit others in ways not ordinarily accepted as morally obligatory within society, and based perhaps in a particular sense of altruism or religious conviction.
A Handbook of Bioethics Terms by James B. Tubbs Jr.