By Donald L. Horowitz
Can a society as deeply divided as South Africa turn into democratic? In a so much well timed paintings, Donald L. Horowitz, writer of the acclaimed Ethnic teams in clash, issues to the stipulations that make democracy a fantastic consequence in South Africa. even as, he identifies how you can conquer those hindrances, and he describes associations that supply structure makers the simplest probability for a democratic future.South Africa is usually thought of an remoted case, a rustic in contrast to the other. Drawing on his vast adventure of racially and ethnically divided societies, notwithstanding, Horowitz brings South Africa again into African and comparative politics. adventure received in Nigeria, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and different divided societies worldwide is suitable simply because, as South Africa leaves apartheid in the back of, it is going to nonetheless confront difficulties of pluralism: racial, ethnic, and ideological. international locations like South Africa, Horowitz argues, needs to advance associations able to dealing with such divisions.Reviewing an array of constitutional proposals for South Africa--group rights, consociation, partition, binationalism, and an greater position for the judiciary--Horowitz indicates that the majority are irrelevant for the country's difficulties, in any other case run afoul of a few significant ideological taboo. associations which are either apt and applicable do exist, despite the fact that. those are premised at the have to create incentives for lodging throughout workforce traces. within the ultimate bankruptcy, Horowitz makes a big contribution to the idea of democratization as he considers how commitments to democracy will be extracted even from political teams with undemocratic objectives.Ranging skillfully throughout experiences of social distance and stereotypes, electoral and social gathering structures, constitutions and judiciaries, clash and lodging, and negotiation and democratization, Horowitz monitors a vast comparative imaginative and prescient. His cutting edge examine will swap the best way theorists and practitioners procedure the duty of constructing democracy paintings in tough stipulations.
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Extra resources for A Democratic South Africa?: Constitutional Engineering in a Divided Society (Perspectives on Southern Africa, No 46)
All the questions raised, and others as well, perplex South Africans. By most standards, South Africa cannot be considered among the most promising candidates for democracy. A racially and ethnically divided society, South Africa is also polarized along ideological lines within and across racial groups. Awareness of the potentially disintegrative effects of intergroup conflict has been muted by a frequently held belief that group identities are artificial constructs rather than genuine bases of social and political difference.
19. , Party Systems and Voter Alignments: Crossnational Perspectives (New York: Free Press, 1967), p. 8. 20. , The Founding of New Societies (New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1964). Page 9 As Hartz explains, the history of such societies entails working out the logic of the fragment ethos or culture as it encounters new conditions, new problems, and new people in the transplanted setting. The process of fragmentation, whereby a part becomes a whole, accounts, in Hartz's view, for the distinctive character of fragments such as French Canada or Dutch South Africa.
Under Africanist influence, the organization adopted a militant Programme of Action in 1949 that espoused Black self-determination and eschewed cooperation with other racial groups, a position that was reversed at the time of the ANC's Defiance Campaign of 1952, following which the ANC returned to a policy of cooperating with the multiracial, but disproportionately White and Indian, South African Communist Party. Freedom Charter, preamble, p. 205. 36. Quoted in "African Nationalism in South Africa," p.
A Democratic South Africa?: Constitutional Engineering in a Divided Society (Perspectives on Southern Africa, No 46) by Donald L. Horowitz